The propylaeum of the Temple of Bacchus. Upon Zengi’s assassination in , Ayyub surrendered the territory to Unur, who was acting as regent for Muhammad’s son Abaq. The etymology of Baalbek has been debated indecisively [18] since the 18th century. Comments submitted by third parties on this site are the sole responsibility of the individual s whose content is submitted. The Crusaders were then massacred.

Dementia cases set to triple: Today the city, 85 kilometers from Beirut, is an important administrative and economic center in the northern Beqaa valley. The Daily Star accepts no responsibility for the content of comment s , including, without limitation, any error, omission or inaccuracy therein. In Greek and Roman antiquity , it was known as Heliopolis. After the Arab conquest in the temples were transformed into a fortress, or qal’a, a term still applied to the Acropolis today. The barbican was repaired and more turns added to its approach. Only part of the staircase remains of a fourth temple dedicated to Mercury, on Kheikh Abdallah hill.

The Propylaea The Propylaea completed in the mid-3rd century A. Baalbek DistrictBaalbek-Hermel Governorate. Israel and the Palestinian territories Jerusalem: One of its more illustrious pupils was Salaheddine el ‘Ayoubi – the still bawlbek Saladin – who very nearly ejected the Crusaders from the Levant during in the late 12th century. Built on a podium seven meters above the Court, these six columns and the abouf on top give an idea of the vast scale of the original structure.

Baalbek: A day trip to the Roman ruins | Life , Travel & Tourism | THE DAILY STAR

Near the Temple of Venus are the remains of “The Temple of the Muses”, dating from the beginning of the 1st century A. On a nearby hill, a fourth temple was dedicated to the third figure of the Heliopolitan TriadMercury Adon or Seimios [63]. Legacy of the Roman Empire. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Surrounding the Court, in front of caastle exedrae, was an column Corinthian colonnade of Egyptian granite.


The LevantHalden: Local influences are also seen in the planning and layout of the temples, which vary from the classic Roman design.

essay about baalbek castle

It was granted to the eunuch Ata al-Khadim[18] who also served as viceroy of Damascus. The entire Court was enclosed by a succession of rectangular and semi-circular exedrae or recesses decorated by niches which contained statues. Japanese anti-groper application becomes smash hit.

Baalbeck is located on two main historic trade routes, one between the Mediterranean coast and the Syrian interior and the other between northern Syria and northern Palestine. The small circular structure known as the Temple of Venus, was probably finished at this time as well.

The name is attested under the Seleucids and Ptolemies.

Baalbek – City of the Sun, Lebanon Archeology Photos

In Catholicismits titular see is distinguished as Heliopolis in Phoeniciafrom its former Roman province Phoenice. Little is known about the site during this period, but there is evidence that in the course of the 1rst millennium B. B aalbeck, Lebanon’s greatest Roman treasure, can be counted among the wonders of the ancient essah. Operation Sharp and Smooth.


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Heliopolis Syriaca or Syriae to distinguish it from its namesake in Egypt. Upon Buri’s succession to Damascus on his father’s death inhe granted the area to his casgle Muhammad.

essay about baalbek castle

Sign up now and access the full breadth of The Daily Star content in minutes. Two huge structures stand in the center of the Great Court: Despite finding nothing they could date prior to Baalbek’s Roman occupation, esssay Puchstein and his associates worked until [70] and produced a meticulously researched and thoroughly illustrated series of volumes. Ibn al-Muqaddam did not consent and Saladin opted to invest the city in late to maintain peace within his own family.

The sherd featured cuneiform letters. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Baalbek.

Top Stories Slashing the deficit, sending strong signals. The famous six columns of Baalbeck Lion’s head decoration. Background”Al Mashriq: The first survey and restoration work at Baalbeck was begun by the German Archaeological Mission in John, the mosque re-uses granite and limestone columns. These substructures supported the haalbek and exedrae around the Court and were used for stables and storage.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baalbek.